Federal Coordinating Lead Author:
David Reidmiller, U.S. Global Change Research Program
Lead Author:
Kristin Lewis, U.S. Global Change Research Program
Contributing Authors:
Christopher W. Avery, U.S. Global Change Research Program

Information in the Fourth National Climate Assessment

During the chapter development process, author teams assessed the available literature (see individual chapter Traceable Accounts for additional details). Guidance on information quality was provided to the author teams to assist in this process, directing the author teams to rely primarily on peer-reviewed scientific literature.

In limited situations where information was available only outside peer-reviewed scientific literature or U.S. Government reports, author teams were provided with a decision tree to aid them in evaluating potential sources by addressing the following considerations:

  • Utility: Is the particular source important to the topic of your chapter?

  • Transparency and traceability: Is the source material identifiable and publicly available?

  • Objectivity: Why and how was the source material created? Is it accurate and unbiased?

  • Information integrity and security: Will the source material remain reasonably protected and intact over time?

As the administrative agency responsible for producing this report, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ensured that all referenced information adhered to its Information Quality Guidelines.5


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