Fourth National Climate Assessment

NCA4 Web Site

Changing Coastal and Ocean Habitats, Ecosystem Services, and Livelihoods

The Northeast’s coast and ocean support commerce, tourism, and recreation that are important to the region’s economy and way of life. Warmer ocean temperatures, sea level rise, and ocean acidification threaten these services. The adaptive capacity of marine ecosystems and coastal communities will influence ecological and socioeconomic outcomes as climate risks increase.